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UNICEF - Age assessment practices : a literature review & annotated bibliography

Publié le jeudi 9 juin 2011 , mis à jour le mercredi 27 janvier 2016

Source : http://www.unicef.org

Auteurs : Terry Smith and Laura Brownlees

Date : Avril 2011

Table of Contents

- Part I
Age Assessment Practices : A literature review...................................................................................... 5
1. Context : the need for age assessment .................................................................................. 1
2. Understanding age and childhood......................................................................................... 2
3. International guidance................................................................................................................... 9
4. Age assessment methodologies................................................................................................... 13
4.1 Medical age assessment ........................................................................................................ 13
4.2 Physical assessments ....................................................................................................... 20
4.3 Psycho-social and developmental assessments .............................................................. 22
4.4 Assessments of age using available forms of documentation, local knowledge and
information .................................................................................................................................. 25
4.5 Ethical concerns regarding age assessment methodologies ........................................... 27
5. Practice responses to international guidance.............................................................................. 28
5.1 Are age assessments carried out as a measure of last resort ?........................................ 30
5.2 Communication with the child and informed consent.......................................................... 32
5.3 Age assessment procedures : are they carried out by professionals ? ................................... 34
5.4 Age assessment procedures : are they multi-disciplinary ? .................................................... 36
5.5 Benefit of the doubt and respect for dignity ......................................................................... 38
5.6 What happens when children are unwilling to comply with procedures ?............................ 40
6. Conclusion.................................................................................................................................... 40
Bibliography ................................................................................................................................. 43
Age Assessment Practices : Annotated bibliography............................................................................ 48
Introduction ......................................................................................................................................... 49
1. International Law and Child Rights.............................................................................................. 49
2. Age assessment practice with refugee and migrant children...................................................... 51
2.1 Relevant international guidance............................................................................................ 51
2.2 Separated Children in Europe Programme ............................................................................ 53
2.3 National policies and practices.............................................................................................. 55
2.4 Other contributions to theory and research.......................................................................... 57
3. Age assessment and juvenile justice................................................................................................ 59
3.1 International guidance and legislation .................................................................................. 59
3.2 National policies and practices.............................................................................................. 59
3.3 Other contributions to theory and research.......................................................................... 62
4. Age assessment and children and armed conflict ................................................................... 64
4.1 International guidance and legislation .................................................................................. 64
4.2 National policies and practices.............................................................................................. 64
5. Age assessment in other contexts............................................................................................... 65
6. Forensic anthropology and other medical assessments of age................................................... 66
7. Anthropological perspectives, childhood theory and children’s rights....................................... 73

- Part II
Age Assessment practices : Annotated bibliography ........................................................................... 49
Introduction ......................................................................................................................................... 49
1. International Law and Child Rights.............................................................................................. 49
2. Age assessment practice with refugee and migrant children...................................................... 51
2.1 Relevant international guidance............................................................................................ 51
2.2 Separated Children in Europe Programme ............................................................................ 53
2.3 National policies and practices.............................................................................................. 55
2.4 Other contributions to theory and research.......................................................................... 57
3. Age assessment and juvenile justice................................................................................................ 59
3.1 International guidance and legislation .................................................................................. 59
3.2 National policies and practices.............................................................................................. 59
3.3 Other contributions to theory and research.......................................................................... 62
4. Age assessment and children and armed conflict ................................................................... 64
4.1 International guidance and legislation .................................................................................. 64
4.2 National policies and practices.............................................................................................. 64
5. Age assessment in other contexts............................................................................................... 65
6. Forensic anthropology and other medical assessments of age................................................... 66
7. Anthropological perspectives, childhood theory and children’s rights

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